The Principle and Working of a sStar –Delta Starter for a 3-phase Induction Motor


Star-delta starter


            

· This method is used in the case of motors which are built to run normally with a delta-connected stator winding.


  








•    By means of a triple- pole- double- throw switch, the winding is connected in star at starting and delta connected when running as shown in figure.

•     When start connected, the voltage applied per phase is reduced by 3 times.

•     The current taken from the line is 58 percent of that at normal voltage.

•     But the starting torque is reduced to 0.582 or 33% of that at normal voltage.

Effects of low frequencies on three phase induction motor performance operating in close proximity to rated speed.(Report): An article from: American Journal of Applied Sciences

•    When the motor reaches sufficient speed the switch is thrown over thereby connecting the motor





  














in delta across the line.




•    It is clear that star-delta switch is equivalent to an auto-transformer of ratio 1/3 or 58% approx.

•    This method is cheap and effectively provides the starting torque required in not more than 1.5 times the full load torque.

•     When the operating handle is put downwards the terminals A1, B1, C1 are shorted. Now the stator windings are connected in star and energized by three-phase supply.






  










•    When the motor has picked up the required speed the operating handle is put upwards and the stator windings are connected in delta across the three-phase supply.

•    In star-delta starter also the no-volt release and over load release are provided to protect the motor against the failure of supply and overload.

Fuzzy Logic Speed Controllers Using FPGA Technique: For Three-Phase Induction Motor Drives
•     This type of starters is used to start the motors from the range of 7.5 hp to 20 hp squirrel cage induction motors.

3 comments:

  1. thanks for this
    useful message

    ReplyDelete
  2. ohh nice dear frnd...keep watching this blog for more contents...

    ReplyDelete
  3. can u put a clearer image please

    ReplyDelete

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