Digital Storage Oscilloscope

There are certain disadvantages of storage cathode ray tube due to which there is need of digital storage oscilloscope. The disadvantages of analog storage cathode ray tube are as follows



i) The waveform can be preserved for finite amount of time only and eventually the waveform will be lost.

ii) As long as image is required to be stored, the power must be supplied to the tube.

iii) The trace obtained from the storage tube is not fine as compared to the conventional oscilloscope tube.

iv) The writing rate of storage tube is less than that of conventional cathode ray tube. This limits the speed of the storage tube

v) The storage cathode ray tube is very much expensive than conventional cathode ray tube.

vi) The storage cathode ray tube requires additional power supplies

Vii) Only one waveform can be stored in storage tube.

viii) The stored waveform cannot be reproduced on the external device like computer.

Block Diagram

The block diagram of digital storage oscilloscope is shown in the Fig.    

















  • The input signal is applied to the amplifier and attenuator section.
  • The oscilloscope uses same type of amplifier and attenuator circuitry as used in the conventional oscilloscopes. 
  • The attenuated signal is then applied to the vertical amplifier. 
  • To digitize the analog signal, analog to digital (A/D) converter is used.
  •  The output of the vertical amplifier is applied to the A/D converter section.
  • The successive approximation type of A/D converter is most of tenly used in the digital storage oscilloscopes.
  • ‘The sampling rate and memory size are selected depending upon the duration & the waveform to be recorded. 
  • Once the input signal is sampled, the A/D converter digitizes it. 
  • The signal is then captured in the memory. 
  • Once it is stored in the memory, many manipulations are possible as memory can be read out without being erased.

The digital storage oscilloscope has three

    1. Roll mode
    2. Store mode
    3. Hold or save mode.

Advantages

i) It is easier to operate and has more capability.

ii) The storage time is infinite.

iii) The display flexibility is available. The number of traces that can be stored and recalled depends on the size of the memory.

iv) The cursor measurement is possible.

v) The characters can be displayed on screen along with the waveform which can indicate waveform information such as minimum, maximum, frequency, amplitude etc.

vi) The X-Y plots, B-H curve, P-V diagrams can be displayed.

vii) The pretrigger viewing feature allows to display the waveform before trigger pulse.

viii) Keeping the records is possible by transmitting the data to computer system where the further processing is possible.

ix) Signal processing is possible which includes translating the raw data into finished information e.g. computing parameters of a captured signal like r.m.s. value, energy stored etc.



1 comment:

  1. Thanks for make us understand what is a digital oscilloscope.The diagram is giving us a brief that how this works.Thanks for sharing this post.

    ReplyDelete

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