When two dissimilar metal wires are joined at the ends and are kept at different temperature TR and TS, a continuous thermoelectric current flows owing to the Seebeck effect as shown in Fig. 5.31a. If the wires are cut, an open-circuit Seebeck voltage is measured which is proportional to the temperature difference.

If TR is constant, the Seeback voltage is proportional to Ts. The associated Peltier effect is the increase or decrease of the junction temperature when an external current flows in the thermocouple (TC) wires. Reference 77 gives a description of these effects and their interrelationships.

Figure 5.31 Thermocouples. (a) Seebeck effect. (b) Measurement setup for remote sensing.
Figure 5.31b shows an arrangement when the measuring equipment is remote from the sensing TC. Matched extension TC wires are used and the reference junctions are formed at the measuring equipment. The reference junctions must be kept at a constant temperature, mostly at ambient room temperature TA.

This requirement can also be satisfied by electronically providing a reference voltage compensation.

Thermocouples used in industry are made from several combinations of metals.

Table  summarizes the properties of TCs that are commonly used, and a complete set of thermocouple reference tables is given in Ref. 76. The basic measuring instrument used with these thermocouples is the potentiometer, but direct-reading, analog, and digital meters of many kinds are also available from manufacturers.


  1. Thermo Couple Manufacturers
    Industries Dependent on Sensitive Thermo Couple

    A thermocouple is a simple but highly effective temperature sensor that uses the joining of wires made from two different metals or alloys to produce a voltage measure and thereby determine the heat range that exists within a particular area.

    China Thermocouple, China Thermocouple Manufacturers
    K Type Thermocouple-K Type Thermocouple Manufacturers
    Industrial Thermocouple Supplies Pty Ltd,
    India's leading manufacturer of thermocouple tips
    OMEGA Engineering, Inc. - Precision Manufacturing - OEM RTDs
    Pakistan Thermocouple, Pakistan Thermocouple Manufacturers ...
    J Type Thermocouple-J Type Thermocouple Manufacturers ...
    Thermocouple Manufacturers in Ahmedabad -
    Thermocouple Manufacturers in Kolkata - Justdial

    for more details
    please contact

  2. Victory Sensors are unparalleled combination of quality and highly competitive price is the reason behind our peerless success in the industry. We, at Victory Sensors, research and innovate for you a range of high quality Equipments for Precision Measuring and Temperature Control including Thermocouple, Sensors.
    Cold Compression Strength test for iron pallets
    Cri Csr and Rdi Ri Testing Equipments manufacturers
    Industrial Furnace manufacturers
    Industrial Oven manufacturers
    ThermoCouples Manufacturers
    Gold melting furnace manufacturers

    For more details

  3. Victory Sensors are a reputed manufacturer, supplier and trader of all Industrial Furnace, ThermoCouple Manufacturers, Industrial Oven Manufacturers. Industrial Furnace which are used in agricultural research, process control and various calibration.Industrial furnaces generate heat to warm people in buildings, others to melt metal. They come in many different models to perform a wide variety of functions, from heating a small office to generating electricity while burning waste created on-site. Regardless of a building's, or individual's, needs, there is an industrial furnace for them. An understanding of a few of the major types of industrial furnaces is a good place to start.

    For more details visit us:

  4. Your post is very nice. useful information. Thanks for sharing.
    I have a page on High Density Cartridge Heater Manufacturers
    Visit my page here
    Thermocouple Manufacturers



PROJECTS 8086 PIN CONFIGURATION 80X86 PROCESSORS TRANSDUCERS 8086 – ARCHITECTURE Hall-Effect Transducers INTEL 8085 OPTICAL MATERIALS BIPOLAR TRANSISTORS INTEL 8255 Optoelectronic Devices Thermistors thevenin's theorem MAXIMUM MODE CONFIGURATION OF 8086 SYSTEM ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAMME OF 80X86 PROCESSORS POWER PLANT ENGINEERING PRIME MOVERS 8279 with 8085 MINIMUM MODE CONFIGURATION OF 8086 SYSTEM MISCELLANEOUS DEVICES MODERN ENGINEERING MATERIALS 8085 Processor- Q and A-1 BASIC CONCEPTS OF FLUID MECHANICS OSCILLATORS 8085 Processor- Q and A-2 Features of 8086 PUMPS AND TURBINES 8031/8051 MICROCONTROLLER Chemfet Transducers DIODES FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS METHOD OF STATEMENTS 8279 with 8086 HIGH VOLTAGE ENGINEERING OVERVOLATGES AND INSULATION COORDINATION Thermocouples 8251A to 8086 ARCHITECTURE OF 8031/8051 Angle-Beam Transducers DATA TRANSFER INSTRUCTIONS IN 8051/8031 INSTRUCTION SET FOR 8051/8031 INTEL 8279 KEYBOARD AND DISPLAY INTERFACES USING 8279 LOGICAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR 8051/8031 Photonic Transducers TECHNOLOGICAL TIPS THREE POINT STARTER 8257 with 8085 ARITHMETIC INSTRUCTIONS IN 8051/8031 LIGHTNING PHENOMENA Photoelectric Detectors Physical Strain Gage Transducers 8259 PROCESSOR APPLICATIONS OF HALL EFFECT BRANCHING INSTRUCTIONS FOR 8051/8031 CPU OF 8031/8051 Capacitive Transducers DECODER Electromagnetic Transducer Hall voltage INTEL 8051 MICROCONTROLLER INTEL 8251A Insulation Resistance Test PINS AND SIGNALS OF 8031/8051 Physical Transducers Resistive Transducer STARTERS Thermocouple Vacuum Gages USART-INTEL 8251A APPLICATIONs OF 8085 MICROPROCESSOR CAPACITANCE Data Transfer Instructions In 8086 Processors EARTH FAULT RELAY ELECTRIC MOTORS ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENTS ELECTRICAL BREAKDOWN IN GASES FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR (FET) INTEL 8257 IONIZATION AND DECAY PROCESSES Inductive Transducers Microprocessor and Microcontroller OVER CURRENT RELAY OVER CURRENT RELAY TESTING METHODS PhotoConductive Detectors PhotoVoltaic Detectors Registers Of 8051/8031 Microcontroller Testing Methods ADC INTERFACE AMPLIFIERS APPLICATIONS OF 8259 EARTH ELECTRODE RESISTANCE MEASUREMENT TESTING METHODS EARTH FAULT RELAY TESTING METHODS Electricity Ferrodynamic Wattmeter Fiber-Optic Transducers IC TESTER IC TESTER part-2 INTERRUPTS Intravascular imaging transducer LIGHTNING ARRESTERS MEASUREMENT SYSTEM Mechanical imaging transducers Mesh Current-2 Millman's Theorem NEGATIVE FEEDBACK Norton's Polarity Test Potentiometric transducers Ratio Test SERIAL DATA COMMUNICATION SFR OF 8051/8031 SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS Speed Control System 8085 Stepper Motor Control System Winding Resistance Test 20 MVA 6-digits 6-digits 7-segment LEDs 7-segment A-to-D A/D ADC ADVANTAGES OF CORONA ALTERNATOR BY POTIER & ASA METHOD ANALOG TO DIGITAL CONVERTER AUXILIARY TRANSFORMER AUXILIARY TRANSFORMER TESTING AUXILIARY TRANSFORMER TESTING METHODS Analog Devices A–D BERNOULLI’S PRINCIPLE BUS BAR BUS BAR TESTING Basic measuring circuits Bernoulli's Equation Bit Manipulation Instruction Buchholz relay test CORONA POWER LOSS CURRENT TRANSFORMER CURRENT TRANSFORMER TESTING Contact resistance test Current to voltage converter DAC INTERFACE DESCRIBE MULTIPLY-EXCITED Digital Storage Oscilloscope Display Driver Circuit E PROMER ELPLUS NT-111 EPROM AND STATIC RAM EXCITED MAGNETIC FIELD Electrical Machines II- Exp NO.1 Energy Meters FACTORS AFFECTING CORONA FLIP FLOPS Fluid Dynamics and Bernoulli's Equation Fluorescence Chemical Transducers Foil Strain Gages HALL EFFECT HIGH VOLTAGE ENGG HV test HYSTERESIS MOTOR Hall co-efficient Hall voltage and Hall Co-efficient High Voltage Insulator Coating Hot-wire anemometer How to Read a Capacitor? IC TESTER part-1 INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS Importance of Hall Effect Insulation resistance check Insulator Coating Knee point Test LEDs LEDs Display Driver LEDs Display Driver Circuit LM35 LOGIC CONTROLLER LPT LPT PORT LPT PORT EXPANDER LPT PORT LPT PORT EXTENDER Life Gone? MAGNETIC FIELD MAGNETIC FIELD SYSTEMS METHOD OF STATEMENT FOR TRANSFORMER STABILITY TEST METHODS OF REDUCING CORONA EFFECT MULTIPLY-EXCITED MULTIPLY-EXCITED MAGNETIC FIELD SYSTEMS Mesh Current Mesh Current-1 Moving Iron Instruments Multiplexing Network Theorems Node Voltage Method On-No Load And On Load Condition PLC PORT EXTENDER POTIER & ASA METHOD POWER TRANSFORMER POWER TRANSFORMER TESTING POWER TRANSFORMER TESTING METHODS PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLER Parallel Port EXPANDER Paschen's law Piezoelectric Wave-Propagation Transducers Potential Transformer RADIO INTERFERENCE RECTIFIERS REGULATION OF ALTERNATOR REGULATION OF THREE PHASE ALTERNATOR Read a Capacitor SINGLY-EXCITED SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS Classical gas laws Secondary effects Semiconductor strain gages Speaker Driver Strain Gages Streamer theory Superposition Superposition theorem Swinburne’s Test TMOD TRANSFORMER TESTING METHODS Tape Recorder Three-Phase Wattmeter Transformer Tap Changer Transformer Testing Vector group test Virus Activity Voltage Insulator Coating Voltage To Frequency Converter Voltage to current converter What is analog-to-digital conversion Windows work for Nokia capacitor labels excitation current test magnetic balance voltage to frequency converter wiki electronic frequency converter testing voltage with a multimeter 50 hz voltages voltmeter

Search More Posts